The virus is native to Africa
The virus is native to Africa, specifically to Kenya, Zimbabwe and Uganda. It is believed that fruit bats are the original hosts. The Rousettus aegyptiacus, more commonly the Egyptian fruit bat, has been found to carry the Marburg virus. Exactly how the virus is first transmitted from it’s animal host to a human is not yet clear. However, the virus is highly contagious. It can be passed from human to human in a few common ways. It has been transferred because of being in close proximity to infected people, like a hospital or sharing the same home. Also direct contact with bodily fluids, or contaminated surfaces and materials, are also sources of disease.
There isn’t a cure for the disease. Much like Ebola, treatment is mainly that of supportive care. Through IV’s a patient’s fluids are maintained, lost blood is replaced and treatment for specific complications, like infection, is administered. In some cases, plasma has been transfused to aid with blood clotting.
Experimental treatments have been tested in animals, including drug therapies, immune therapies and blood medicines.